Holland, Sir Richard

Holland, Sir Richard
   Nothing is known about the early life of this Scottish poet. He was secretary or chaplain to the earl of Moray (1450) and had some connection with the cathedral of Norway. The reign of James II of Scotland (1437-60) was a period of great upheaval, rivalry and struggle for power, and Holland supported the powerful Douglas clan. After the defeat of Arkinholm (now Langholm, Dumfriesshire) in 1455, which marked the fall of the Douglases, James, earl of Douglas, and his followers, including Holland, fled to England. James III promised a pardon to those who swore allegiance to him. Holland, however, sided with Edward IV in his attempt to rouse the Western Isles to resurrect Douglas power again. James banished him and he retired to Orkney and later to Shetland. His poem The Buke of the Howlat, written between 1442 and 1452, extending to 1001 lines, is a bird allegory and shows his devotion to the house of Douglas; he depicts his patrons, the earl and countess of Moray, as doves. Blind Harry (see Henry the Minstrel) refers to the poem and William Dunbar (see entry) names him in his Lament for the Makaris.
   Sources: Britain in Print: Henryson's Testament of Cresseid in Context, The Buke of the Howlat Discussed (http://www.britaininprint.net/learning/studytools_4.php) . Dictionary of National Biography. Electronic Edition 1.1. Oxford University Press, 1997. The Columbia Granger's Index to Poetry. 11th ed. The Columbia Granger's World of Poetry, Columbia University Press, 2005 (http://www. columbiagrangers.org). The Oxford Book of Late Medieval Verse and Prose. Douglas Gray, ed. Clarendon Press, 1985. The Oxford Book of Scottish Verse, John MacQueen and Tom Scott, eds. Oxford University Press, 1966.

British and Irish poets. A biographical dictionary. . 2015.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sir Richard Branson — Richard Branson Richard Branson Richard Branson en juin 2006 Nom de naissance Sir Richard Charles Nicholas Branson Naissa …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sir Richard Fanshawe, 1st Baronet — (June, 1608 – June 16 1666) was an English diplomat, translator, and poet.He was born at Ware Park, Hertfordshire, and educated at Cambridge, travelled on the Continent, and when the English Civil War broke out sided with the King and was sent to …   Wikipedia

  • Holland, Henry Richard Vassall Fox, 3rd Baron — ▪ British politician born November 21, 1773, Winterslow, Wiltshire, England died October 22, 1840, London       British Whig politician, associate of the party leader and reorganizer Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey, and nephew and disciple of the… …   Universalium

  • Fanshawe, Sir Richard — (1608 1666)    Diplomatist, translator, and poet, b. at Ware Park, Herts, and ed. at Camb., travelled on the Continent, and when the Civil War broke out sided with the King and was sent to Spain to obtain money for the cause. He acted as Latin… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick — Richard Neville Warwick, from the Rous Roll. Born 22 November 1428(1428 11 22) Died 14 April 1471 …   Wikipedia

  • Richard Body — Member of Parliament for Boston and Skegness Holland with Boston (1966 1997) In office 31 March 1966 – 7 June 2001 Preceded by Herbert Butcher Succeeded by Mark Si …   Wikipedia

  • Richard Grenville — Sir Richard Grenville (June 6, 1542 ndash; September 10, 1591) (sp. var: Greynvile , Greeneville , Greenfield , etc.) was an Elizabethan sailor, explorer, and soldier. He was the grandfather of Sir Richard Grenville, of English Civil War… …   Wikipedia

  • Richard Bellings, (knight, secretary) — Sir Richard Bellings (sometimes spelt Bealings) (1622 30th October 1716), was the Knight secretary to Catherine of Braganza [ [http://www.moyak.com/researcher/resume/papers/catholic.html The Role of Anti Catholicism in England in the 1670s ] ] In …   Wikipedia

  • Richard Branson — en juin 2006 Nom de naissance Sir Richard Charles Nicholas Branson Naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Richard Culmer — Sir Richard Culmer (1597 1662) is listed by the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/6881] Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: Richard Culmer] as being of unknown parentage, although some sources [an …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”